Lab Zone Hospital & Hormone Center

Welcome To Labzone Hospital & Hormone Center, Diabetic Road, Sabalia, Tangail,Bangladesh. Call: 01714-789081,01714027316.


Radio Oncology Surgery Department

Dr. S. M Nazmul Alam

MBBS, BCS( Health)

MD ( Radio Oncology)

Consultant ( Radio Oncology)

Sheikh Hasina Medical College & Hospital, Tangail.

The focus of a radiation oncology department lies in the treatment of cancer using various forms of radiation therapy. Here are the key areas of focus within a radiation oncology department:

  1. External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT): This is the most common form of radiation therapy, where radiation beams are directed from outside the body toward the cancerous tumor. Techniques such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), and proton therapy may be utilized to precisely target the tumor while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

  2. Brachytherapy: In brachytherapy, radioactive sources are placed directly within or adjacent to the tumor site. This allows for a high dose of radiation to be delivered to the tumor while sparing nearby healthy tissue. Common applications of brachytherapy include treatment of prostate cancer, gynecological cancers (such as cervical and endometrial cancer), and certain head and neck cancers.

  3. Radiosurgery: Radiosurgery involves the precise delivery of a high dose of radiation to a small, well-defined target within the body. It is often used for the treatment of brain tumors, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and certain spinal tumors. Techniques such as stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) may be employed for radiosurgical treatments.

  4. Palliative Radiation Therapy: Palliative radiation therapy aims to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life for patients with advanced or metastatic cancer. It may be used to relieve pain, control bleeding, alleviate obstruction of airways or other organs, and reduce tumor-related neurological symptoms.

  5. Treatment Planning and Simulation: Radiation oncologists work with medical physicists and dosimetrists to develop personalized treatment plans for each patient. This involves using advanced imaging techniques, such as CT scans and MRI, to precisely localize the tumor and surrounding normal structures. Treatment planning software is then used to calculate the optimal radiation dose distribution to target the tumor while minimizing radiation exposure to healthy tissues.

  6. Radiation Safety and Quality Assurance: Ensuring the safety of patients and staff, as well as the accuracy and effectiveness of radiation treatments, is a key focus of radiation oncology departments. Strict quality assurance programs are implemented to monitor and maintain the quality and safety of radiation therapy equipment, treatment delivery processes, and radiation dose calculations.

  7. Multidisciplinary Collaboration: Radiation oncologists collaborate closely with other members of the oncology care team, including medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, nurses, and supportive care providers. Multidisciplinary tumor boards are often convened to discuss and develop comprehensive treatment plans tailored to the individual needs of each cancer patient.

Overall, the focus of a radiation oncology department is on delivering safe, effective, and personalized radiation therapy treatments to cancer patients, with the goal of achieving optimal outcomes while minimizing treatment-related side effects and preserving quality of life.